CIO's Blog

Stephen Frazier, Western Illinois University

Recent Phishing Email

On July 12, many members of Western Illinois University received a phishing email scam (see screenshots below). The email message linked to a fraudulent website that impersonated WIU’s legitimate Central Sign-On web page. This fraudulent website has since been removed, but for a period of time, it functioned and some users may have provided their username and password to a malicious third-party.

If you received this or any other phishing message

  1. Report it as phishing to Google so they can block future copies of the message from being delivered to the University.

  2. Do not reply to to message or click on any links within the phishing email message.

If you clicked on the link and submitted your username/password

  1. Immediately change your ECom password in Guava. Your account could be compromised and action needs to be taken immediately to protect your data.
  2. Notify the uTech Support Center at (309) 298-2704 or if you need assistance or have additional concerns.

Common signs often found in phishing email messages

The phishing email had many giveaways that indicated it was not legitimate, as did the website that the phishing email linked to. Below are screenshots where we have pointed out several indicators that the email message and web page were not legitimate:


  1. Poor spelling and bad grammar. Cybercriminals are not known for their grammar and spelling. Professional companies or organizations usually have a staff of copy editors that will not allow a mass email like this to go out to its users. If you notice mistakes in an email, it might be a scam. For more information, see ‘Email and web scams: How to help protect yourself’.
  2. Beware of links in email. If you see a link in a suspicious email message, don’t click on it. Rest your mouse (but don’t click) on the link to see if the address matches the link that was typed in the message.
  3. Threats. Have you ever received a threat that your account would be closed if you didn’t respond to an email message? The email message shown above is an example of the same trick. Cybercriminals often use threats that your security has been compromised. For more information, see ‘Watch out for fake alerts’.
  4. Spoofing popular websites or companies. Scam artists use graphics in email that appear to be connected to legitimate websites but actually take you to phony scam sites or legitimate-looking pop-up windows. For more information, see ‘Avoid scams that use the Microsoft name fraudulently’. Cybercriminals also use web addresses that resemble the names of well-known companies but are slightly altered. For more information, see ‘Protect yourself from cybersquatting and fake web addresses’.

Please be constantly aware of these social engineering and phishing scams. They are not always received via email, but include telephone calls, use of social media, and other attack avenues.


Blog Recognized As One of Best University CIO Blogs

WIU’s CIO Blog was recently recognized as being among the best Higher Ed IT blogs on the Internet by Optimal Partners Consulting.  Nuno Couto, Founder and Managing Partner of Optimal Partners, in an email to WIU’s CIO, said that “The long-form approach your blog takes is different from others I’ve read, but it is great content.”

Optimal Partners ranked our blog third among seven CIO blogs that they highlighted.  Their intent in this effort was to provide “an insider’s perspective” on IT in universities, and they state “these 7 CIOs are more than willing to give you a tour of what’s going on at their universities.”  You can read more about the top CIO blogs on their blog post entitled 7 Best University CIO Blogs.

“If you’re looking for an in-depth look at what’s happening behind the scenes at a university’s IT department, then Stephen Frazier’s aptly titled “CIO’s Blog” is the place to start.” – Optimal Partners Consulting, LLC

Steve Frazier, WIU’s CIO, said, “One of our initiatives in University Technology at Western has been to better communicate our many services and projects, which traditionally has not been a strong point of most IT organizations.  uTech is a fairly large organization with a lot of going on.  We started a Major Projects Tracking System on WIU’s website but we really needed someone to focus on the marketing aspects.  During uTech’s recent consolidation and reorganization efforts, we tasked Jeremy Merritt, the University’s Coordinator of Web Services and an assistant director in uTech, with spearheading that effort.  He has been doing a terrific job and I think it is going to pay off in numerous ways!”  Merritt has been creating marketing materials for uTech that are published on the web and in various media outlets around campus.  He is also now a contributor to the CIO’s Blog.

Optimal Partners specializes exclusively in project management for Higher Ed.  Couto says, “Although my company is focused on staffing and consulting services, we do a lot of “giving back” to the community in line with the mission of Higher Ed. We mentor students and student startups. We sponsor events like this one in the Azores, Portugal. We also promote education through supporting various charities.”  Optimal Partners can be found on the web at

Gmail and Google Apps to Replace Zimbra

gmail-logoAn edited version of the following article appeared in the April 11 issue of the Western Courier.

Western Illinois University is moving from Zimbra to Gmail and Google Apps this spring and summer. This change has been over two years in the making, and originated with a proposal submitted in March 2014 to WIU’s IT Governance process.

“The idea behind IT Governance is to engage the entire campus community as full-fledged partners in IT decision making,” said Stephen Frazier, WIU’s Chief Information Officer who leads University Technology.  “The proposal to move to Google Apps was made through this governance process. The basic premise of the proposal was to save the University money while offering additional services such as unlimited drive space, shared folders that can be set up by individuals, a superior interface, and real-time collaboration.”

The proposal was reviewed by WIU’s Student Government Association, the Faculty Senate, and the Administrative Alliance (an IT Governance workgroup) for review and feedback. In November 2015, a task force comprised of individuals from across the University formally recommended that the University implement Google Apps. This recommendation was reviewed and approved by the President’s Leadership Team in early February 2016 and University Technology was subsequently directed to begin the transition.

The use of Google Apps by educational institutions such as Western is completely free, so the move from Zimbra (which has significant yearly costs and requires considerable man-hours to maintain) is an important cost saving measure. The business-class edition of Google Apps that WIU will be using is similar in feature sets to the free versions that anyone can access, but Google offers more support and storage for educational institutions.

University Technology’s goal is to have everyone (students, faculty, staff, retirees and alumni) moved from Zimbra to Google Apps by August 19 – just before the start of the fall semester. Nearly 700 early adopters have already been migrated from Zimbra to Google Apps. These early adopters are helping University Technology to ensure that the migration process of copying content from Zimbra to Gmail and Google Calendar is as flawless as possible for everyone else at the University that will be migrating between now and August.

“Popular applications such as Gmail, Google Calendar, Drive, Groups and Contacts will be the core applications that the University will support from the start,” said Frazier. “Other applications such as Hangouts, Docs, Sheets, Sites and more will also be available for use, but the support that we can offer when it comes to using and troubleshooting those apps will be limited.”

All users of WIU’s Google Apps will have unlimited storage for email, documents and files, which is a huge benefit over Zimbra’s storage limitations.  Additionally, they will be able to access the Google applications using the same ECom username and password they’ve always used to access systems like Zimbra and WesternOnline.

Matt Mencel, who serves as University Technology’s technical lead for the migration, said that “the unlimited storage space is a huge benefit to all users, students and employees alike.  And the collaborative nature of sharing documents and files using Google Drive and apps such as Google Docs will make group projects much easier to work on together.”

What won’t change?  According to Mencel, “Your WIU email address will remain the same, and all of your existing email messages and calendars will be copied over to Google services for you automatically.”  He added that “there are some things that users will need to manually do after they are migrated, such as re-create email contact groups and copy their Zimbra briefcase files to Google Drive. But we’ve automated the migration process for everything else that we can.”

Frazier said, “We know that many people are anxious to move to Google Apps!  We will be communicating frequently via email over the next few months with more information on the process. We anticipate moving entire departments to Google Apps during April and May, and then allowing remaining individuals to schedule a date/time to move starting in June. Please check your email between semesters for details!”

He also stated that WIU’s Google Apps transition team has created a website to answer questions regarding the move to Google Apps, as well as provide resources on how to use the various applications that Google provides. Visit for details, and contact the uTech Support Center at if you have further questions.

Frazier said that the transition team is bringing Google’s best collaborative, cloud-based solutions to the University.  “We are joining well over 40 million other people who are using Google Apps for Education”, he said.  Frazier is optimistic that faculty, staff and students will explore and find new ways to work and learn using Google Apps for Education.


Google Guides and Early Adopters

gg_early_adoptersThe Google@WIU Transition Team has been hard at work preparing for WIU’s migration from Zimbra to Google Apps for Education!  Last week, they held a series of meetings for members of the University community who have been designated as “Google Guides.”  These guides will serve as local resources in their department and assist their colleagues with the migration. The Transition Team has already started migrating guides over to Google Apps to give them a head start on learning about the applications and so that they can receive additional training.

If you were one of the nearly 800 people who signed up to be an Early Adopter, this may be the news you’ve been waiting to hear.  The Transition Team is  ready for you, too!  Watch your email starting this week.  If you’ve been selected as an Early Adopter, you’ll receive an email indicating your scheduled migration date.  Some Early Adopters will be moved to Google Apps as early as this Friday.   A small group will be moved over first, and then the rest will be moved during the next few weeks.

The Transition Team will depend heavily on both the Google Guides and the Early Adopters to identify problems with the migration process or ways of doing things in Google Apps.  Their comments and questions should be sent to

In the coming week, the Transition Team will be asking department directors, chairs and the deans to consider scheduling a time to migrate their entire department from Zimbra to Google Apps in one fell swoop. The Team recommends that departments migrate en masse if at all possible.  This will:

  • Make sure that everyone is using the same platform for consistency, compatibility and training
  • Ensure that calendars and appointments are not missing for intradepartmental meetings

Once again, thank you for your patience and assistance during this transition process!  The process has begun and nearly 200 people have migrated already.  I urge you to check frequently for updates, resources, and FAQs regarding WIU’s migration to Google Apps!

Google Apps Update – March 2016


WIU is Going Google!

Western Illinois University has chosen Google Apps to become its new email and calendar platform. University Technology (uTech) has been working on the migration and will begin moving select students and employees from Zimbra to the new services as early as this month!  You can read more about Google Apps and the history of how the University made the decision to move to this platform at

A WIU Google Apps Transition Team has been meeting regularly since late February in order to make plans.  There are many hurdles to overcome – technological, instructional, and contractual in nature.  Nevertheless, the team is moving forward with the aggressive goal of having everyone moved from Zimbra to Google Apps before the start of the fall 2016 semester.

In late February, the transition team invited members from the University community – students, employees, alumni, and retirees – to volunteer as early adopters who will alert the transition team to potential problems.  The response was amazing!  People had volunteered within minutes and the list has grown to include over 700 individuals. We will start migrating some of these volunteers in late March.  If you signed up, watch your emails to see if you were among those chosen!

In addition, we’ve asked the department chairs, deans and directors to nominate tech-savvy individuals from their areas to serve as “Google Guides”.  These Google Guides will be migrated along with the first early adopters and they will serve as local resources in their department by assisting their colleagues with questions relating to the migration and the new Google Apps programs. There are now over 150 employees and students who will serve as local Google Apps experts for their colleagues!  Besides turning to Google Guides for answers, uTech will make information and tutorials available on the website.

A complicated transition such as this can be difficult and we appreciate that everyone – especially the Google Guides – will need to invest some time into learning about the new services. With their help and yours, WIU can quickly and efficiently make the move to Google Apps and start enjoying all the benefits that these new services have to offer.

The following is a rough timeline to help you plan for your migration. 

  • Late March: Google Guides and select early adopters to be migrated to Google Apps
  • Early April: No new Zimbra accounts will be created; all new WIU employees and incoming students will be given Google Apps accounts
  • Mid-April through May: Migrate remaining early adopters and migrate entire departments of faculty/staff (on an opt-in basis per request of department chairs/directors)
  • Starting June: Allow individual students, employees, alumni and retirees to opt in for immediate migration
  • August 19: All remaining users will be migrated from Zimbra to Google Apps

Please note that these dates may change depending on our progress. uTech will post this timeline and keep it updated at, along with a list of resources, FAQs, and a list of Google Guides.  Please bookmark that page and check back there often!

Scanning of WIU E-mail for Sensitive Information Underway

Throughout this spring semester, automated processes will be scanning the Zimbra email accounts of all Western Illinois University community members (faculty, staff, students, and alumni) to identify sensitive information (social security numbers and credit card numbers) contained in email messages and attachments. The date when individual email accounts will actually be scanned cannot be determined because of the way email accounts are distributed across the mailbox clusters. However, we will email the campus community sometime in the late spring or early summer when the process has completely finished.

This is part of Western Illinois University’s ongoing commitment to protect its electronic assets. Scans of desktop computers and infrastructure servers in recent years have resulted in the remediation of over 37 million instances of sensitive data. Until recently, however, we have not had the means of scanning Zimbra accounts where this type of information is also stored. In addition to protection efforts, the remediation of sensitive information in Zimbra accounts is necessary to prepare for the possible migration of email accounts to another email service provider (such as Google or Microsoft).

When the automated scans identify possible credit card or social security numbers in an individual’s Zimbra account, it will send a notification via email to the account owner. The subject of the notification message will be “Sensitive Data Scan Report”. If you receive one of these messages, click on the link in the message to view instructions and then determine the nature of the information that was identified by the scans. Delete the email message or the attachment containing the sensitive information. You may also secure it outside of the email system, preferably in an encrypted format. However, do not simply copy it to your desktop or a shared folder where it will still be discoverable.

If no action is taken within a week of when the alert message is sent, the data will be archived and removed from the email account. If you have questions on how to protect sensitive information that needs to be retained, need access to the information once it has been archived, or are concerned about the validity of any email notification that you receive, please contact the uTech Support Center at (309) 298-2704.

It is everyone’s responsibility at Western to help ensure the protection of WIU’s electronic data. We appreciate your help, understanding and commitment to these ongoing efforts!

Email in the Cloud

The following is an executive summary of IT Governance proposal #42 -“Implement Google Apps for Education at WIU” – written by Dr. Justin Ehrlich, Computer Sciences professor and co-Chair of the IT Governance Marketing/External Alliance.

This proposal will be presented at the next IT Governance Council meeting at 3:00 p.m. on Thursday, January 28, 2016 (in Horrabin Hall 1/QC Complex 2204). The meeting is open to the entire WIU community, and students, faculty and staff will be given an opportunity to make brief remarks concerning the proposal.  You are welcome and encouraged to view details on this proposal and provide additional feedback (note that the proposal details and forum are only accessible from an on-campus computer or via WIU’s VPN).


Last year an IT Governance proposal was made to move from Zimbra to a cloud-based service. The basis of this proposal (Proposal #42) was to save the University money by using Google Apps for Education (GAE) to host our email and calendar, while at the same time offering more services such as unlimited drive space, shared folders that can be set up by individuals, a superior interface, real-time collaboration (Google Docs), and alumni life-time WIU email addresses.

By using Google to host our email and calendar, we won’t have to continue to replace or maintain our Zimbra software and VMware servers, saving us between $55,000 and $72,000/year and between 250 and 500 hours/year of personnel time, allowing these resources to be used for other areas and services.

The proposal has gone before the Student Government Association, Faculty Senate and the IT Governance Administration Alliance, all of which voted that we make the move to a cloud-based service. While the SGA voted that the switch be made directly to GAE, the Faculty Senate and IT Governance Alliance asked that a task force be created to compare the available platforms and to decide which platform, if any, might serve WIU the best.

Last semester the task force was formed by a representative from the Quad Cities appointed by the Vice President of Quad Cities and Planning, two administrator and staff representatives appointed by the ITG Admin Alliance, four University Technology members appointed by the Chief Information Officer, the director of Center for Innovation in Teaching and Research, the chair of the ITG Executive Committee, and five dean-appointed faculty members to represent the colleges and library. The task force narrowed the available options down to Microsoft Office 365 for Education and GAE, and ultimately decided on GAE for its superior interface, functionality, and campus familiarity. To augment task force’s decision, a survey was sent out to the entire campus. Of the 1,420 respondents, 79% responded that the University should move from Zimbra to a cloud-based platform, 93% reported a familiarity to Google gmail, and 71% responded that we should move to GAE. The accumulated survey data is included in chapter 4 of the full report, and the comments are located in appendix II. The task force received a few emails, which are anonymously included in appendix III.

While Google Apps for Education is free, Google will have access to our data. Under contract Google will not run ads or analyze University or student data for purposes of ads, but they can still analyze users’ activities for purposes of improving services. Also Google will not make any guarantees as to where the data resides. While we will be able to choose to base our data in the United States, pieces of our data may be migrated for performance reasons. For instance, if a faculty travels to the UK and accesses data stored in the cloud, that data may temporarily be migrated to the Dublin data center. While this might be considered an added risk, under contract Google is subject to FERPA. The FERPA clause stipulates that Google is considered a “School Official” and must protect our data in a way that is FERPA compliant. Further, the University remains the owner of all data stored in GAE. To provide administrative access to the users’ data, Google provides a tool, Google Vault, that features e-discovery, email archiving, email and file searching, removal, and audit reports.

The original proposal called for the University to replace the P:\ drive with Google Drive. However, after researching Google Drive, we found that there is no easy way to implement Google Drive in the computer labs due to not being able to map a drive letter unless the files are synced. We’ve also received requests from the University community to retain the P:\ drive for a variety of reasons. The task force looked at the costs of maintaining the P:\ drive and found that it is insignificant when compared to maintaining the Zimbra servers, so we recommend not replacing the P:\ drive. However, we do recommend enabling the Google Drive functionality, as this won’t require any additional costs and adds a lot of functionality, including collaboration tools using Google Apps.

In conclusion the cloud services task force recommends that the University replace Zimbra email and calendar with GAE. The campus community should have all of the GAE features available to them, including Google Classroom, Google Sites, Google Drive, and Google Docs. While migrating to GAE will take time, we believe that if the process is started this semester, the University can be fully migrated by the end of Summer 2016 in time for the Fall 2016 semester.

A complete report on this proposal includes the timeline of this proposal (chapter 2) comparison that the task force made between GAE and Office 365 for Education (chapter 3), the survey aggregate data (chapter 4), the Google Apps for Education terms of service (chapter 5), notes from other institutions (Appendix I), the survey comments (Appendix II), email questions/comments (Appendix III), and frequently asked questions (Appendix IV).

We welcome additional feedback, comments and discussion on this proposal via our online forums. The forums, as well as the complete details on the proposal, are accessible from on-campus computers or via WIU’s VPN.